Intellects Culture of Hong Kong China - Wushu > Wushu Culture

Photo Dr Chan Yun Lam

China Landscape

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China has a history exceeding 5000 years. Running across mainland China, there are Huang He, Chang Jiang and Zhu Jiang. Rising up on the earth of China, there are gigantic mountain ranges of Himalayas, Kunlun Mountains and Tian Shan. Other five great mountains located in the eastern territories are Tai Shan, in the western Hua Shan, in the northern Heng Shan, in the southern incidentally another one also named Heng Shan, and right in the middle amongst them Song Shan. As a result of the extensive surface areas enclosed inside the national boundaries, and individual geographical localities subject to distinctive climatic conditions and fertility of soil as well, a wide spectrum of living customs and traditions were developed in different local indigenous resident peoples in different parts of China.

Chinese Culture and Chinese Wushu

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Seven Military Classics comprise seven military treatises from ancient China. This included The Art of War; Wu-tzu; The Methods of the Ssu-ma; Wei Liao-tzu; Six Secret Teachings; Three Strategies of Huang Shih-kung; and Questions & Replies between T'ang T'ai-tsung and Li Wei-kung. Seven Military Classics is a famous text which has been translated into various languages. As well, it is widely adopted by different nations in the world for military strategy training in many countries today.

'Tao' in Military

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The Art of War is a military strategy treatise written by Sun Tzu. It is mainly about the way of war ('Tao' in military) including the deployment of troops, training of troops and war tactics. In this era, we apply The Art of War not only on military but also politics and business environments. More importantly, 'Tao' which has long been adopted in the history of Chinese martial arts is closely associated and interacting with 'Tao' in the military discipline whilst deeply affected by 'Tao' developed in Chinese philosophy.

'Tao' in the Fields of Philosophy, Military and Wushu

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'Tao' is derived from the objective and subjective views of Chinese through observation of matters and through thoughts of the Chinese minds in the past thousands of years. 'Lao Tzu' and 'Yijing' (i.e. Book of Change) brought up 'Yin' and 'Yan'. They followed through spreading principles about two spectra, four seasons, Eight Trigrams (Bagua). The concept of 'Tao' implying extremes of 'Yin' and 'Yang', which invariably contains the use of maximum strength for the latter and its opposite for the former, principally underlines teachings in wushu schools of Taichi, Xingyi, Bagua, and a lot other Chinese wushu sects(liupai).

Taiji, Five Elements (Wu Xing), Eight Trigrams (Bagua)

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According to traditional Chinese philosophy, 'Yin' and 'Yan' resemble the two spectra. Natural phenomena are classified into Five Elements, namely Wu Xing; they are metal, wood, water, fire and earth. In the Five Elements, the 'earth' is in the middle, surrounding by the four other elements (metal, wood, water and fire). These four elements act on the the Eight Trigrams, namely Bagua. The name of the Eight Trigrams are Qian, Kun, Kan, Li, Gen, Dui, Zhen and Xun.

The Five Elements and Eight Trigrams formed the core components of traditional Chinese philosophy. In fact, these two concepts have been mutually interacting on each others and applied in a variety of matters. The Five Elements and Eight Trigrams are again integrated with 'Eight Polarity Doors' and further developed into combating strategies both being practised by Chinese military commanders and wushu practitioners.

Rolling Bagua

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Shaolin at Songshan in Henan

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The origin of Shaolin wushu started from Shaolin Monastery at Songshan in Henan. In 620 B.C., thirteen Shaolin monks assisted Li Shi Min, the great emperor in Tang Dynasty, in defeating Wang Shi Chong in Luoyang. Consequently, Shaolin Monastery was granted privileges and land as awards to this assistance given to the Dynasty. Nowadays, Shaolin wushu spread in many places in the world which also led more and more visitors to Shaolin Monastery at Songshan in Henan.

Cross Reference and Integration to Advance Wushu

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As a matter of fact, Shaolin is not the only school of wushu. Some other wushu schools(liupai) are distinctively skillful and effective in different ways and application of multi-farious martial arts. Over the world to name a few there are yet others like Judo, Karate, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, and Brazilian Judo, etc. Despite the long history of Chinese wushu and its development into many sects and schools, a lot of expertise carried down through individual wushu masters were lost as time went by.

Here and now is the time for all Chinese wushu lovers to share their experience and knowledge about Chinese wushu. Any information collected and passed onto us will add value to the establishment of a 'Chinese Wushu Routines Database' to be shared by all who join our Intellects Culture of Hong Kong, China - Wushu promotion movement. With the use of text, graphics, video and audio capabilities transmitted through the Internet, it is envisaged that Chinese wushu culture can reach and be shared at all corners in the world.

Mission of / /
www.e武馆.com / www.武術文化.com / www.武文化.com

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Information Technology channelizes cultural heritages into commodities accessible worldwide. Martial arts learning system over the Internet which provides certified and interactive martial arts training programs to e-Learners worldwide is able to deliver martial arts training online. By exploiting present day technological know-how, aims to reinvent experiences in the dissemination and appreciation of martial arts, thus reaching out to untapped societies and communities over the world.

The Wushu Culture Forum published under is developed with anticipation to be an intellectual platform for all Chinese wushu lovers in the world. It is our greatest pleasure to invite you to bring out your opinions and comments on Chinese wushu issues. Your articles will be posted on the open Wushu Culture Forum subject to approval from our vetting Editor Group. Creation of a shared, valuable and interactive Chinese wushu resources center, namely Wushu Culture Resource, for all Chinese wushu lovers is our goal to be achieved through the venue of

Invitation to Join Wushu Culture Resource (WCR)

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Wushu Culture Resource bears a vision to reinvent traditional Chinese martial arts as a cultural and creative industry and endeavor in mind to build a framework that will bring along added value and job opportunities to people of our time everywhere in the world. Our vision aligns with China Twelfth Five-Year Plan to promote cultural industries substantiated by the fact that there are over 129 items of martial arts having been listed as Intangible Cultural Heritage of China as it stands. All intellects are welcome to join WCR.

Photo Mr Tang Man Kei
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